HOHOKAM (PHOENIX AREA)
GILA RED OF THE SOHO PHASE
COMMENTS: Personally, this author feels that the four types: Salt Red, Salt Red Smudged, Gila Red and Gila Red Smudged, should only be two types: Salt Red and Gila Red. Salt and Gila Reds (that are not smudged from the Salt and Gila River areas) may be rare in the Classic Period. When talking about Salt Red and Gila Red in the Classic Period, Haury stated: "Smudged vessels outnumber the unsmudged by a large ratio at all times". (Haury, 1945;81). One must also consider the possibility that a number of smudged vessels went thru an intentional or accidental secondary firing and became unsmudged. Truly intentional unsmudged Gila Red and Salt Red in the Classic Period from the Salt and Gila River areas may be rare indeed. Personally, this author feels that smudged and unsmudged Gila and Salt Reds should simply be varieties of the two types. It should be noted that Salt Red Perry Mesa Variety and Verde Variety are commonly not smudged (Wood, 1987;32).
1Y Hohokam Gila Red Soho Phase Jar - Side View
This jar has the Classic Period shoulder (well below the widest diameter) and tall straight neck.
Approximate dimensions: 15" (38cm) by 13" (33cm)
1Y Gila Red Soho Phase Jar
Left Photo: Top View - Showing Fire-clouds.
Right Photo: Bottom View
2N Hohokam Gila Red Soho Phase Highly Polished Bowl.
The exterior polishing pattern is the same as Sells Red.
Approximate Dimensions: 9 7/8" by 4"
3N Hohokam Soho Phase Gila Red Dog or Deer Effigy Vessel
4N Hohokam Soho Phase Gila Red Stylized Duck Effigy Vessel
Approximate Dimensions: 6" by 6" by 4 1/2"
5Y Hohokam Soho Phase Gila Red Pitcher
The polishing striations on this vessel are often referred to as "onion skin".
Approximate Dimensions: 6 1/2" by 5 1/2"
6N Hohokam Soho Phase Gila Red
8Y Hohokam Soho Phase Gila Red Scoop
Approximate Dimensions: 8" by 5 1/2" by 3"
9Y Hohokam Gila Red Sea Shell Effigy Scoop
Approximate Dimensions: 5" (12.7cm) by 2 1/8" (5.5cm)
Left Photo: Interior Right Photo: Exterior
9Y Gila Red Sea Shell Effigy Scoop Side View
10N Hohokam Gila Red Jar
Approximate Dimensions: 3 1/4 " by 4 1/8"
11N Hohokam Gila Red Olla with "Stove Pipe" Neck
Approximate Dimensions: 10 1/4" by 12 1/2"
12Y Hohokam Gila Red Plate with a raised/indented bottom.
Approximate Dimensions: 8 1/8" by 1 1/4"
13Y Hohokam Gila Red Scoop
Approximate Dimensions: 5 5/8" by 4 1/4" by 1 1/4"
14Y Hohokam Gila Red Flat Bottom Bowl
Approximate Dimensions: 7 1/4" by 3 3/4"
This page last revised: 04/25/2013
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